Hearing Loss Common Across the Age Spectrum from, Infants to Seniors
May 31, 2019 06:00AM
● By Pamela Johnson
Hearing loss can occur in people of all ages, from newborns to adults
From newborns to adults, hearing loss affects Americans of all ages—but early intervention and treatment are routinely not occurring despite the potentially serious impact that hearing loss can have on a person’s life. Speech-Language & Hearing Associates of Medfield and Plainville encourages the public to learn the signs of hearing loss and seek an evaluation if they have concerns—a timely message since last month was recognized nationally as Better Hearing & Speech Month.
About 2 to 3 out of every 1,000 children in the United States are born with a detectable level of hearing loss in one or both ears; almost 15 percent of children ages 6–19 have hearing loss in one or both ears; and approximately 15% of American adults (37.5 million) ages 18 and older report some trouble hearing, according to government data.
Although nearly all newborns are getting their hearing screened, many who are flagged with a potential hearing problem are not getting the follow-up care that they need. When it comes to adults, approximately only 1 in 7 (14 percent) over the age of 50 with a hearing loss who could benefit from amplification uses a hearing aid.
For children and adults alike, there are a variety of intervention and treatment options. It is important to address hearing loss early, since hearing loss uniquely affects people of all ages when left unaddressed.
Whether it’s young children who miss the language exposure that is critical to their brain and communication development—potentially cascading into a lifetime of future academic and social challenges—or adults who experience career, social, and quality-of-life issues as well as a variety of other co-occurring health challenges—ignoring hearing loss is ill-advised.
In children, signs of hearing loss include the following:
- Lacks attention to sounds (birth–1 year)
- Does not respond when you call their name (7 months–1 year)
- Does not follow simple directions (1–2 years)
- Shows delays in speech and language development (birth–3 years)
- Pulls or scratches at their ears
- Has difficulty achieving academically, especially in reading and math
- Is socially isolated and unhappy in school
In adults, signs of hearing loss include the following:
- Buzzing or ringing in their ears
- Failure to respond to spoken words
- Muffled hearing
- Constant frustration from trying to hear speech and other sounds
- Conversation avoidance
- Social isolation
Impact on Young Children’s Development: Hearing is critical to language, speech, and cognitive development and can affect communication and learning. Areas of development that hearing loss may affect if early intervention does not occur can include vocabulary, sentence structure, sound production and understanding speech.
Impact on School-Age Children
Children who have hearing loss that is left unaddressed can have problems with academics (may include problems with language arts and vocabulary; delays in reading, spelling, math, and problem solving; and lower scores on achievement and verbal IQ tests); behavior and social interactions (may include problems working in groups); and communication (may experience delays and/or difficulty with tasks involving language production and comprehension and/or memory).
Impact on Adults
Hearing loss can affect every area of an adult’s life, including physical health, mental health, career success, social life, personal relationships, and overall quality of life. A serious condition on its own, it is associated with other conditions as well, including dementia, diabetes, falls, and depression.
Audiologists diagnose, treat, and help people manage their hearing loss. A self-test for hearing loss for adults and a test for children are available at https://www.asha.org/public/hearing/self-test-for-hearing-loss.
This article was submitted by Dr. Maura Marks, of Seech-Language and Hearing Associates. To schedule a hearing evaluation with an audiologist, contact Speech-Language and Hearing Associates at 508-359-4532 or visit www.speechlanguageandhearingassociates.com.